Production Safety Systems

A 5-day course by Dr. Maurice Stewart incorporating the new 2017 8th Edition of API RP 14C, the new API RP 17V 1st Edition, API RP 14J, API RP 500/505, API RP 520/521/2000, IEC 61508-2 and IEC 61508-3.

This intense Production Safety Systems course presents a systematization of proven practices for providing a safety system for onshore and offshore production facilities. Thousands of oil and gas professionals have attended this course since it was offered by Dr. Maurice Stewart more than 20 years ago.

This production safety systems course has been updated to reflect the changes provided in the new API RP 14C and the API RP 17V. In this course, you will learn the latest concepts, methods and practices that will make your facility operationally safe.

What You’ll Learn

• Provisions for designing, installing and testing both safety and non-marine emergency support systems (ESSs) on both onshore and offshore production facilities.
• Concepts of a facility safety system and outline production methods and requirements of the system.
• Guidance on how safety analysis methods can be used to determine safety requirements to protect common process components from the surface wellhead and/or topside boarding valve and for subsea systems including all process components from the wellhead and surface controlled subsurface safety valve (SCSSV) to upstream of the boarding shutdown valve. (Note: The shutdown valve is within the scope of API RP 17V for gas injection, water injection, gas lift systems and chemical injections.)
• The importance of “Safety Concept,” “Safety Reviews,” and “EB-HAZOPs.”
• A method to document and verify process safety system functions, i.e., safety analysis function evaluation (SAFE chart).
• Design guidance for ancillary systems such as pneumatic supply systems and liquid containment systems.
• A uniform method of identifying and symbolizing safety devices.
• Procedures for testing common safety devices with recommendations for test data and acceptable test tolerances.
• The Principles of Safe Facility Design and Operation, specifically, how to Contain Hydrocarbons, Prevent Ignition, Prevent Fire Escalation and Provide Personnel Protection and Escape.
• The Principles of Plant Layout Partitioning and how to partition a plant into Fire Zones, Restricted Areas and Impacted Areas thereby minimizing the Risk to Radiation, Explosion, Noise and Toxicity.
• How to determine Electrical Hazardous (Classified) Locations and determine what Electrical Equipment should be installed in these locations,
• The purpose of Surface Safety Systems, specifically, the Emergency Shut-down System, Emergency Depressurization System, Fire and Gas Detection Systems and High Integrity Protection Systems,
• The Objectives, Types, Location and Placement of Fire and Gas Detection Systems.
• The Objectives, Types and Performance of Active and Passive Fire Protection Systems.
• The Function, Types, Selection and layout of Vent, Flare and Relief Systems to minimize the effects of Radiation, Flammable Gas Dispersion and Toxic Gas Dispersion.
• The function and design considerations of Liquid Drainage Systems
• How to determine piping “spec breaks”.
• How to evaluate workplace and operating/maintenance procedures for “hidden” hazards.
• How to effectively design facilities and work areas to reduce human errors and improve performance.

Course Content

• Principles of safe facility design
• Ignition prevention
• Fire escalation prevention
• Personnel protection and escape
• Installation layout
• Electrical installations in hazardous (classified) areas
• Safety systems
• Pressure ratings and Specification breaks
• High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems (HIPPS)
• Safety system and ESS bypassing
• Onshore gathering station safety systems
• Fire and gas detection systems
• Active and passive fire protection
• Relief, vent and flare systems
• Liquid drainage systems
• Electrical Area Classification

Who Should Attend

This workshop is specifically targeted for professionals and engineers who are involved in safety or production operations and who want to:

1. Develop a better understanding of the effectiveness of existing Production Safety System initiatives at existing oil and gas facilities.
2. Appreciate the main steps contemplated in the Safe Design of a plant or facility,
3. Better understand the scope and functioning of the various safety related equipment installed onshore, offshore and subsea.
4. Review or broaden their understanding of how to conduct a safety analysis, Experience-Based HAZOP and how to install electrical equipment in hazardous (Classified) locations.
5. Other professionals who want to develop a better understanding of how to conduct a Safety Analysis, EB-HAZOPs and install electrical equipment in hazardous (Classified) locations.

Course Materials

• Each participant will receive a comprehensive set of worksheets and checklists to aid them in conducting a safety analysis
• Each participant will receive a comprehensive set of lecture notes for after course reading and reference
• An extensive set of practical in-class “case study” exercises specially designed by Dr. Maurice Stewart that emphasizes the design and “trouble-shooting” pitfalls often encountered in the industry.

If you like to receive a pdf file of this course outline, please contact us.

Registration Information

Course date : December 10-14, 2018
Location : Singapore
Tuition : US$4500

Registration Form

If you or your people want to attend this course, please register HERE.

Contact information

LDI Training Pte Ltd
369 Holland Road #02-04
Singapore 278640

Email :
Website :

The New API 2017 RP 14C and API RP 17V



In 2017, API published the new 8th Edition of API RP 14C and created the new 1st Edition of API 17V for subsea applications.

Here are the major modifications of API RP 14C and the new guidelines provided in API RP 17V:

1. The API RP 14C, new 8th Edition “Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Production Facilities” was developed in coordination with the new First Edition of API RP 17V “Recommended Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Safety Systems for Subsea Applications”.

2. Changes in safety system technology.

3. Additional guidance for facility safety systems as they have become larger, more complex and moved into deeper water.

4. Added requirements which include extensive emphasis on the performing of hazards analysis due to increased flow rates, pressures, temperatures and water depth.

5. Better alignment with API Standard 521, “Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems”.

6. Additional requirements for pumps and compressors greater than 1000 HP and reference to API 670.

7. Additional requirements to protect against backflow and settle-out pressures.

8. New address on low-temperature hazards.

9. Enhancements on open deck Fire and Gas detection placement and sensor type.

10. Extensive emphasis on performing hazards analysis to include introduction of the Prevention vs. Mitigation concepts.

11. Additional annex to cover topside High Intensity Pressure Protection Systems (HIPPS).

12. Additional annex to cover Safety System By-passing.

13. Additional annex to cover Logic Solvers.

14. Additional annex to cover Remote Operation.

If you have a need to understand these new modifications in API RP 14C and the new guidelines provided in the brand new API RP 17V for subsea applications, here is a 5-day course which you and/or your colleagues may want to attend:

Course Title: Production Safety Systems – Incorporating the New 2017 API RP 14C and API RP 17V
The Instructor: Dr. Maurice Stewart, PE, CSP
Course Date and Location: December 10-14, 2018 in Singapore

Since the API RP 14C and API RP 17V are critically important for the safety of your offshore and subsea facilities, please share this information with your company’s managers, supervisors, engineers and safety personnel who need to:

1. Develop a better understanding of the modifications of the 2017 edition of API RP 14C and the newly created API RP 17V

2. Appreciate the main steps contemplated in the Safe Design of onshore, offshore and subsea applications

3. Better understand the scope and functioning of the various safety related equipment installed onshore, offshore and subsea.

For more information about the course, please contact

Green Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a clean and efficient energy source. It is being used to power hydrogen cars and buses in several environmentally conscious countries. Hydrogen cars are very clean. They have zero emission and they emit only water vapor. As an example, the city of Aberdeen in Scotland is using hydrogen buses to reduce emission and boost air quality at the city centre.

As energy carrier, hydrogen stores and delivers energy efficiently. Hydrogen cars uses fuel cells to convert the chemical energy stored in the hydrogen into electricity, whereas electric cars use the electricity stored in the car batteries to power the electric motors.

Although many compounds, especially hydrocarbons and water, contain lots of hydrogen atoms, free hydrogen is very scarce in nature. Our air has only .00005% of free hydrogen. Currently most hydrogen is produced from fossil fuel by stripping off the hydrogen atoms from the hydrocarbons. Therefore, hydrogen cars are not considered as totally green.

To make hydrogen cars truly green, people are considering using green hydrogen. Green hydrogen is hydrogen which is produced using electricity generated from renewable energy resources such as wind, solar and geothermal.

New Zealand is currently experimenting powering hydrogen cars using hydrogen produced using geothermal resources.

Toyota expects 30% of vehicles to be hydrogen powered by 2050.

Jamin Djuang

21 February 2018

Why People Need Oil Price Forecasts


People, companies and even countries want to know future price of oil because oil price influences what they do.
Individuals use the information for his or her investing such as whether to buy oil related shares.
Banks need it for giving out oil related loans.
Transportation companies use it to manage its fuel expenditures such as whether to buy or sell oil futures.
Oil companies need it to manage their operating and capital expenditures such as whether to drill or not to drill.
Oil exporting countries use it to determine its GDP.
Oil importing countries need it for planning its annual budget.
Perhaps the greatest role of oil price forecast is in IPOs and M&A.

26 January 2018

US Shale Oil Hitting New Highs



US shale oil output is projected to hit above 6.5 million barrels of oil per day in February 2018 and is leading a recovery in US oil production.

Oil output from shale is projected to increase by 111,000 BOPD in February according to US Energy Information Administration. With this increase, the total shale oil output is expected to reach 6.55 million BOPD in February 2018.

US total oil production is also reaching new highs. EIA forecast that total US oil output will hit annual average of 10.3 million BOPD in 2018 and 10.8 million BOPD in 2019.

At 10.8 million barrels of daily oil production, the US would be one of the world’s top oil producers along with Saudi Arabia and Russia.

17 January 2018



What Profession Is Best For You or Your Children?


Robert Kiyosaki said A students become professionals such as engineers, accountants, lawyers, scientists, consultants, doctors, IT specialists etc.

He then said B students work for government and C students become entrepreneurs.

Let’s analyse the characteristics of each of these three categories of profession.

In category A, as a professional, you have very good income and decent job security. This is a low- risk yet high income profession.

In category B, as a government worker, you have adequate income but excellent job security. This is also a low- risk profession providing sufficient income.

In category C, as a business entrepreneur, you can become very rich but you have low job security. This is a high-risk profession. As a business person, you may suffer losses or have negative income. This is a high reward and high-risk profession. The positive correlations of high rewards with high risks is a proven economic theory.

So then, what profession is best for you?

Since I have been a professional and an entrepreneur, I like to share with you my thoughts and suggestions. There is no such a thing as the best profession in the world; but for everyone, there is one profession which is best just for him or her. To determine the best profession for you, you should consider these factors:

  1. What are your dreams?
  2. What are your objectives in life?
  3. What profession will fulfil your dreams and life objectives?
  4. What are you good at?
  5. What do other people say you are good at?
  6. How well do you handle stress?
  7. How important is job stability to you?
  8. How healthy are you?
  9. Are you good at problem solving?
  10. Are you a multi-tasking person?
  11. Are you good in handling rejections?
  12. Are you a generalist or a specialist?
  13. Are you a people person or a task person?
  14. Are you a risk-taker of risk avoider?
  15. Are you good in managing money?
  16. Are you the sole breadwinner, the only person who supports the family financially?
  17. Can you afford to fail or lose money?

After you have considered these factors and you still have not found the answer, you should follow your heart. Your body and soul will tell you what is best for you.

You shouldn’t be afraid to fail if you can afford to fail. You will have challenges and failures in your journey to reach your dream; but with each failure you face, you are closer to where you want to be.

Finally, since nowadays most people will change job 3-5 times in their working life you shouldn’t worry too much which profession you choose. Every profession you are in is a bridge or a stepping stone to a better profession. Very often as you go forward in your career, the path leading to your dream will appear in front of you.

Jamin Djuang





10 Interesting Facts About The Super-Giant Oil Field of Attaka

Attaka platform - 22051165_10203849223866343_116962473911316990_o

This is the Attaka field, a super-giant offshore oil field located 12 miles from the shore of East Kalimantan in Indonesia. It was discovered by Unocal in August 1970. Unocal, and later on Chevron, was the operator of the Attaka unit on a 50-50 interest basis with Inpex. Attaka field is considered a super-giant oil field having 1023 MMBOE of recoverable reserves.

Here are the interesting facts about the Attaka unit:

  1. Two years after its discovery, Attaka field started producing oil in November 1972, making it as the first offshore field in Indonesia.
  2. It has 10 platforms, 6 of which are remote well head platforms producing oil and gas from 109 wells.
  3. Five subsea wells were completed in 1981-1984 to produce the oil accumulation in areas out of reach of the existing remote platforms. These are the first subsea completions in Indonesia and in Asia.
  4. Following the first discovery well, the Attaka Well 1A, seven appraisal wells were drilled to assess to size and potential of the hydrocarbon accumulation.
  5. The huge Attaka reservoir, formed in the very prolific Kutei basin, is a faulted anticline. It has an areal closure of 8000 acres. Attaka field is one of five super-giant fields discovered in the Kutei basin.
  6. Its oil reserves are attributed to oil found in 22 separate sands at depth between 2800 feet and 7600 feet.
  7. Attaka sands have very high permeability. It is as high as 5 Darcy in some wells.
  8. Attaka field daily oil production was 110,000 BOPD at its peak and gas production was 150 MMSCFPD.
  9. A significant milestone was reached when cumulative oil production of 600 million barrels was recorded at 6:42 PM in March 7, 2001. Cumulative gas production in that same year was 1.3 trillion SCF.
  10. Attaka field has more than 50 sands with variable oil reserves. Reservoir sand thickness ranges from 5 to 100 feet. To produce them economically, multiple zone completion method using dual tubing strings and multiple packers was selected. This method allows the engineers the flexibility to select from which of the 2 to 4 perforated zones in each well they would like to produce from.

Jamin Djuang

15 October 2017

8 Power Phrases To Get The Best Out In People



How to get the best out in your people? You give them affirmations. To be an effective leader, it is important you give verbal affirmations regularly to people who work around you. An affirmation is any form of feedback communicated primarily through language.  Timely affirmations can provide the emotional support and encouragement that people need to perform at the highest level.

You can win the hearts and minds of your people by giving them your sincere affirmations. It can be based on your hope and expectation. It can also be made based on his or her accomplishments, efforts, performance results or progress. Even when someone fails to achieve the desired result, positive affirmations can be given based on the special efforts he or she has put into the task or project.

Here are the power phrases you can use to affirm the people around you:

“Thank you!”

“I believe in you.”

“I know you can do it.”

“I know we can depend on you.”

“I can see you always give your best.”

“I am pleased to see the progress you are making.”

“I thank you for your contributions in making this project a success!”

“I thank you for the job well done and I look forward to working with you again!”

Jamin Djuang

Gas Handling, Conditioning and Processing – A Course by Dr. Maurice Stewart


If you want to learn:

  • The processes of gas-liquid separation, gas dehydration, glycol regeneration, acid gas sweetening, gas compression and expansion, and other gas conditioning methods
  • How to select and operate gas processing equipment such as separators, heat exchangers, absorption and fractionation systems, gas dehydration systems, refrigeration, low temperature separation units, JT plants and compression systems
  • Different type of gas liquid separators and scrubbers
  • Hydrate formation and how to prevent it

Here is the course information:

Title: Gas Handling, Conditioning and Processing

Instructor: Dr. Maurice Stewart PE, CSP

                       Author of Surface Production Operations: Design of Gas

                       Handling Facilities      

 Date: November 19-23, 2018

Location: Singapore

For enrollment and more information please contact LDI Training.




Plant Piping and Pipeline Systems – A 5 day course by Dr. Maurice Stewart


If you want to learn:

  • How to determine pressure drop, wall thickness and optimize line size for gas, liquid and two-phase flow
  • How to apply to your piping and pipeline system international design codes / standards such as ASME/ANSI B31.3, ASME / ANSI B31.4, ASME ANSI B31.8, ASME Section VIII, Division 1 & 2, ANSI B16.5, API RP 14E, API RP 14C and API RP 14J, API RP 520 Part 1 & 2, API 521, API 526, API 2000, API 1104 and NACE MR-01-75
  • How to select the appropriate ANSI / API pressure/temperature ratings for pipe flanges, valves and fittings
  • How to analyze piping systems so as to determine piping “spec breaks”
  • How to design and analyze new and existing piping systems for expansion, supports, pumping, compression, manifolds, pigging and insulation requirements

Here is the course information:

Title: Plant Piping and Pipeline Systems

Instructor: Dr. Maurice Stewart P.E., CSP

                        Author of Facility Piping and Pipeline Systems  

For information please contact LDI Training by:


Website #1:

Website #2: