The New API 2017 RP 14C and API RP 17V

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In 2017, API published the new 8th Edition of API RP 14C and created the new 1st Edition of API 17V for subsea applications.

Here are the major modifications of API RP 14C and the new guidelines provided in API RP 17V:

1. The API RP 14C, new 8th Edition “Analysis, Design, Installation, and Testing of Safety Systems for Offshore Production Facilities” was developed in coordination with the new First Edition of API RP 17V “Recommended Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation, and Testing of Safety Systems for Subsea Applications”.

2. Changes in safety system technology.

3. Additional guidance for facility safety systems as they have become larger, more complex and moved into deeper water.

4. Added requirements include an extensive emphasis on the performing of hazards analysis due to increased flow rates, pressures, temperatures, and water depth.

5. Better alignment with API Standard 521, “Pressure-relieving and Depressuring Systems”.

6. Additional requirements for pumps and compressors greater than 1000 HP and reference to API 670.

7. Additional requirements to protect against backflow and settle-out pressures.

8. New address on low-temperature hazards.

9. Enhancements on open deck Fire and Gas detection placement and sensor type.

10. Extensive emphasis on performing hazards analysis to include the introduction of the Prevention vs. Mitigation concepts.

11. Additional annex to cover topside High-Intensity Pressure Protection Systems (HIPPS).

12. Additional annex to cover Safety System By-passing.

13. Additional annex to cover Logic Solvers.

14. Additional annex to cover Remote Operation.

Since the API RP 14C and API RP 17V are critically important for the safety of your offshore and subsea facilities, please share this information with your company’s managers, supervisors, engineers and safety personnel who need to:

1. Develop a better understanding of the modifications of the 2017 edition of API RP 14C and the newly created API RP 17V

2. Appreciate the main steps contemplated in the Safe Design of onshore, offshore and subsea applications

3. Better understand the scope and functioning of the various safety-related equipment installed onshore, offshore and subsea.

If you have a need to understand these new modifications in API RP 14C and the new guidelines provided in the brand new API RP 17V for subsea applications, Dr. Maurice Stewart conducts a 5-day course – Production Safety Systems – which incorporates the new API RP 14C and API RP 17V. LDI Training provides this course in Singapore and Indonesia. 

This article is written by Dr. Maurice Stewart.

For more information about the course, please contact LDITrain@singnet.com.sg

Why People Need Oil Price Forecasts

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People, companies and even countries want to know future price of oil because oil price influences what they do.
Individuals use the information for his or her investing such as whether to buy oil related shares.
Banks need it for giving out oil related loans.
Transportation companies use it to manage its fuel expenditures such as whether to buy or sell oil futures.
Oil companies need it to manage their operating and capital expenditures such as whether to drill or not to drill.
Oil exporting countries use it to determine its GDP.
Oil importing countries need it for planning its annual budget.
Perhaps the greatest role of oil price forecast is in IPOs and M&A.

26 January 2018

US Shale Oil Hitting New Highs

 

 

US shale oil output is projected to hit above 6.5 million barrels of oil per day in February 2018 and is leading a recovery in US oil production.

Oil output from shale is projected to increase by 111,000 BOPD in February according to US Energy Information Administration. With this increase, the total shale oil output is expected to reach 6.55 million BOPD in February 2018.

US total oil production is also reaching new highs. EIA forecast that total US oil output will hit annual average of 10.3 million BOPD in 2018 and 10.8 million BOPD in 2019.

At 10.8 million barrels of daily oil production, the US would be one of the world’s top oil producers along with Saudi Arabia and Russia.

17 January 2018

 

 

10 Interesting Facts About The Super-Giant Oil Field of Attaka

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Attaka central platforms from left to right: Wellhead platform, Central Processing Platform, Compression Platform, and Quarter Platform

Attaka field, a giant offshore oil field located 12 miles from the shore of East Kalimantan in Indonesia was discovered by Union Oil of California (UNOCAL) in August 1970. Attaka field is considered a giant oil field having 1023 MMBOE of recoverable reserves.

General Soeharto, the president of Indonesia at that time, inaugurated the Attaka field and the Santan terminal on 22 January 1973.

Santan terminal is the onshore complex where the crude oil from the Attaka field is processed and stored before it is exported by oil tankers. Santan terminal is also where the produced gas is processed before it is sent to Badak LNG for liquefaction.

Unocal along with its 50-50 partner, Inpex, operated the Attaka field until it was acquired by Chevron.  Pertamina Hulu Kalimantan Timur assumed the operatorship of the field beginning on 25 October 2018.

Here are the interesting facts about the Attaka unit:

  1. Two years after its discovery, the Attaka field started producing oil in November 1972, making it the first offshore field in Indonesia.
  2. It has 10 platforms, 6 of which are remote wellhead platforms producing oil and gas from 109 wells.
  3. Five subsea wells were completed in 1981-1984 to produce the oil accumulation in areas out of reach of the existing remote platforms. These are the first subsea completions in Indonesia and in Asia.
  4. Following the first discovery well, the Attaka Well 1A, seven appraisal wells were drilled to assess to size and potential of the hydrocarbon accumulation.
  5. The huge Attaka reservoir, formed in the very prolific Kutei basin, is a faulted anticline. It has an areal closure of 8000 acres. Attaka field is one of five super-giant fields discovered in the Kutei basin.
  6. Its oil reserves are attributed to oil found in 22 separate sands at a depth between 2800 feet and 7600 feet.
  7. Attaka sands have very high permeability. It is as high as 5 Darcy in some wells.
  8. Attaka field daily oil production was 110,000 BOPD at its peak and gas production was 150 MMSCFPD.
  9. A significant milestone was reached when cumulative oil production of 600 million barrels was recorded at 6:42 PM on March 7, 2001. Cumulative gas production in that same year was 1.3 trillion SCF.
  10. Attaka field has more than 50 sands with variable oil reserves. Reservoir sand thickness ranges from 5 to 100 feet. To produce them economically, multiple zone completion method using dual tubing strings and multiple packers was selected. This method allows the engineers the flexibility to select from which of the 2 to 4 perforated zones in each well they would like to produce from.

Jamin Djuang