Eight Largest Oil Lifting Terminals in Indonesia

oil storage tanks
Oil Storage Tanks

In 2019, the average daily crude oil production in Indonesia was 746,000 barrels.

Here are the eight largest crude oil lifting terminals in Indonesia in 2019 according to SKK Migas of Indonesia.

  1. WIDURI MARINE TERMINAL

Widuri Marine Terminal is operated by Pertamina Hulu Energi OSES which operates the oil fields located in the Offshore South East Sumatera contract area.

The South East Sumatera contract area was initially awarded to IIAPCO in 1968. Many big oil fields were discovered in this block such as Banuwati, Cinta, Intan, Widuri and Zelda.

Crude oil produced from these fields were stored in the Lentera Bangsa FSO – a floating, storage, and offloading vessel – and then offloaded into oil tankers.

The operatorship of this contract area changed hands many times during its 50 years of operation. Previous operators include IIAPCO, Maxus, Repsol, and CNOOC.

The average daily crude oil lifting volume of the Widuri Marine Terminal was 8501 BOPD.

  1. SENORO MARINE TERMINAL

Senoro Marine Terminal is operated by JOB Pertamina  Medco Tomori Sulawesi which is a joint operating body consisting of Pertamina Hulu Energi, Medco E&P and Tomori E&P.

JOB Pertamina Medco Tomori Sulawesi operating in the Tomori-Toili Block located in Central Sulawesi produces gas and condensate from the Senoro gas field and crude oil from the Tiaka oil field.

The gas from the Senoro field is processed into LNG by the Donggi-Senoro LNG plant which started operation in August 2015.

The average daily lifting volume at Senoro Marine Terminal was 14,857 BOPD

  1. TUBAN MARINE TERMINAL

Tuban Marine Terminal located in East Java is operated by PT Pertamina EP. The terminal handles the lifting of crude oil that Pertamina EP produces from the Tuban block. Before 29 February 2018, the Tuban block was operated under Joint Operating Body (JOB) Pertamina Petrochina East Java.

PT Pertamina EP, established on 17 September 2005, came under the supervision of BPMIGAS on 17 September 2005. BPMIGAS became SKK Migas on 13 November 2012.

On average, 16358 BOPD was lifted at the Tuban Marine Terminal.

  1. ARDJUNA TERMINAL

The Ardjuna oil terminal is operated by Pertamina Hulu Energi ONWJ which operates the oil and gas fields located in the Offshore North West Java work area.

The huge Ardjuna oil field was initially discovered by ARCO after it signed the PSC contract in 1971. ARCO later became BP West Java.  Pertamina Hulu Energi ONWJ became the operator of the Ardjuna field in July 2009.

The average crude oil lifting volume from the Ardjuna terminal was 25626 BOPD.

  1. SENIPAH MARINE TERMINAL

Senipah Marine terminal is operated by Pertamina Hulu Mahakam. The terminal was previously operated by Total Indonesie who discovered several big oil and gas fields – Bekapai, Handil, Tunu, Peciko, Sisi, Tunu –  in the Offshore Mahakam block.

On average, 31539 BOPD was lifted at The Senipah Marine terminal.

  1. RU PP7

The RU PP7 terminal is located in the Riau province in Sumatera and operated by Chevron Pacific Indonesia.

The average daily lifting volume at RU PP7 Terminal was 62,337 BOPD.

  1. DUMAI TERMINAL

The Dumai terminal is located in the Riau province in Sumatera and operated by Chevron Pacific Indonesia who holds the operatorship of the prolific Rokan PSC which will soon expire in 2021.

Chevron Pacific Indonesia, also known as CPI, discovered two super-giant oilfields: the Duri field in 1941 and Minas in 1944. Subsequently, CPI continued to discover many smaller oil fields in the Rokan work area.

Due to its low gravity oil, the Duri field underwent steam flooding in 1985 to enhance the recovery of its heavy oil. The Duri field steam flood project is one of the largest in the world.

The average daily lifting volume at the Dumai Terminal was 116,555 BOPD.

  1. BANYU URIP MARINE TERMINAL

At an average daily crude oil lifting volume of 200, 937 barrels, the Banyu Urip Marine Terminal is currently the top crude oil lifting terminal in Indonesia. It handles the lifting of the crude oil produced by Mobil Cepu from the onshore Banyu Urip field located in the Cepu Block contract area.

After the crude is processed in the central processing facilities (CPF) located at the center of the oil field, the oil is transported through a 72 KM long pipeline to the coast of Tuban, and then through a 23 KM long subsea pipeline to the FSO (Floating, Storage and Offloading) vessel. The FSO is named FSO Gagak Rimang.

The crude oil from the Banyu Urip field is lifted by oil tankers from FSO Gagak Rimang for transport to domestic and international refineries. The FSO has storage capacity for 2 million barrels of crude oil.

This article is written by Jamin Djuang based on the information published by SKK Migas. He is the founder of LDI Training which provides oil and gas training and the published author of The Story of Oil and Gas.

 

Performance of Oil Industry of Indonesia in 2019

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Power Plant at North Jakarta, Indonesia

 

Oil companies in Indonesia and SKK Migas were buzzing with activities and excitement in 2019.

Exploration and Production Results

First, here are the combined performance results of the exploration and production activities of all the oil and gas production sharing contractors in Indonesia operating under the supervision of SKK Migas in 2019:

  • Total number of active work areas: 201
  • Average daily crude oil production: 746,000 BOPD
  • Average daily gas production: 5934 MMSCFD
  • Combined total daily oil and gas production: 1,806,000 BOEPD
  • The total value of the investment: 11.49 Billion USD
  • Number of development wells completed: 322
  • Number of exploration wells drilled: 36
  • The volume of oil and gas in place discovered: 113 BBOE  
  • 2-D seismic surveys completed: 12169 KM
  • 3-D seismic survey completed: 6837 KM2

On the oil and gas discovery front, it is nice to note that REPSOL and partners PETRONAS and MOECO discovered a giant gas field in February 2019 in the Sakakemang block in South Sumatera. With 2 trillion cubic feet of recoverable gas reserves, it is one of the largest gas discoveries in the world in 2019 and also the most significant gas discovery in Indonesia in the last 18 years.

On new field development, Inpex Indonesia and SKK Migas made significant progress in developing the huge Abadi gas field and constructing the LNG plant. It was decided the LNG plant will be built in the Yamdena Island in the Maluku province of Indonesia.

The 15 Largest Oil Producers in Indonesia

Here are the 15 largest oil producers operating under the production sharing system in Indonesia in 2019:

  • ExxonMobil Cepu
  • Chevron Indonesia
  • Pertamina EP
  • Pertamina Hulu Mahakam
  • Pertamina Hulu Energi Offshore North West Java (PHE ONWJ)
  • Pertamina Hulu Energi Offshore South East Sumatera (PHE OSES)
  • PetroChina International Jabung
  • Medco E&P Natuna
  • Petronas Carigali Ketapang
  • Pertamina Hulu Kalimantan Timur
  • BOB Bumi Siak Pusako Pertamina Hulu
  • Pertamina Hulu Sanga Sanga
  • Medco E&P Rimau
  • JOB Pertamina Medco Tomori Sulawesi
  • ConocoPhillips Grissik

The 15 largest natural gas producers in 2019

Here are the 15 largest gas producers in Indonesia in 2019:

  • BP Berau
  • ConocoPhillips Grissik
  • Pertamina EP
  • Pertamina Hulu Mahakam
  • ENI Muara Bakau
  • JOB Pertamina Medco Tomori Sulawesi
  • Premier Oil Indonesia
  • PetroChina International Jabung
  • Medco EP Natuna
  • Kangean Energy Indonesia
  • PHE West Madura Offshore
  • Pertamina Hulu Energi Jambi Merang
  • Husky-CNOOC Madura
  • Mubadala Petroleum Indonesia
  • PHE Offshore North West Java

 

The SKK Migas

The SKK Migas of Indonesia has also been very proactive in its roles as the supervisor of the production sharing contractors to facilitate their exploration and production activities.

With the vision to increase the oil production in Indonesia to one million barrels per day by 2030, SKK Migas instituted the Integrated Operation Center (IOC) and the One Door Service Policy (ODSP) in 2019.

The Integrated Operation Center (IOC)

 SKK Migas launched the Integrated Operation Center (IOC) in 2019. With the IOC, SKK Migas now has online and realtime access to information and data related to the exploration, drilling and production activities of the production sharing contractors in all work areas.

The  IOC allows SKK Migas to monitor the daily field activities of all operators, understand the field situations and make prompt recommendations.

The objectives of SKK Migas in establishing the OIC are to keep the oil and gas operations go smoothly and achieve the production targets.

Currently here is the information that is being monitored by the Integrated Operation Center:

  • Oil and gas production (Production Dashboard)
  • Oil and gas lifting (Oil and Gas Lifting Dashboard)
  • Stock Management (Stock Management Dashboard)
  • Plant Operation (Plant Information Management System – PIMS)
  • Facility Maintenance
  • Project Progress
  • Vessel tracking (Vessel Tracking Information System – VTIS)
  • Real-Time Drilling Operation
  • Emergency responses (Emergency Response Center – ERC)

The One Door Service Policy (ODSP)

SKK Migas also introduced One Door Service Policy (ODSP) in 2019. Through ODSP, the applications of all the permits related to exploration, drilling, field development, and production can be processed in one place.

SKK Migas will work with and support all the production sharing contractors in preparing the required documents and submitting the applications to obtain the various permits they need.

This is a very significant service because of the various types of permits that oil operators must apply. With this one-door policy, SKK Migas is hopeful that the various permits can be obtained promptly, and the oil and gas exploration and production targets can be achieved.

The One Door Service Policy consists of four work-groups that will help the production sharing contractors deal with the following type of permits:

  • Permits related to land acquisition and use 
  • Permits related to the environment, safety and security
  • Permits related to the use of resources and infrastructure
  • Permits related to the use of materials and human resources from outside Indonesia.

Several exploration and production targets were exceeded in 2019 and SKK Migas is hopeful the new 2020 targets can be achieved also by the end of the year.

This article is adapted from the information posted by SKK Migas.

 

 

The Top 10 Crude Oil Producing Companies in Indonesia in 2018

westseno
The photo showed the drilling activity at the West Seno field, the first deepwater field in Indonesia. The photo was taken by Dr. Tony Tirta.

The average crude oil production in Indonesia in 2018 is 803,000 barrels per day according to SKK Migas of Indonesia.

Here are the top ten crude oil-producing companies in Indonesia in 2018.

Chevron Pacific Indonesia – 209,000 BOPD

Chevron is the biggest oil producer in Indonesia in 2018 and has been a leading oil producer in Indonesia for more than 90 years. It started operating in Indonesia in 1924 under Standard Oil Company of California.

Chevron operated oilfields in Sumatera and East Kalimantan. It’s East Kalimantan assets came from the acquisition of Unocal in 2005. Chevron handed back all the assets in East Kalimantan to the Indonesia government on October 24, 2018, after 50 years of operation under Unocal and Chevron.

Currently, Chevron’s oil production comes mainly from the oil fields located in Riau, Sumatera under the Rokan Production Sharing Contract. The biggest oil field in the Rokan PSC is the Duri field which has been under steam-flood since 1985 and is one of the largest steam flood projects in the world.

ExxonMobil Cepu Ltd – 208,000 BOPD

ExxonMobil Cepu Ltd is the operator of the Cepu block located in Central Java and East Java. The Cepu Cooperation Contract (KKS) was signed on 17 September 2005 and will continue until 2035. ExxonMobil holds a 45% interest in the Cepu block.

ExxonMobil started exploration in 1999, and the oil from the Banyu Urip field started to flow in December 2008.

Pertamina EP – 79,000 BOPD

Pertamina EP operated 21 oil and gas fields located in various parts of Indonesia. These oilfields are managed under five asset groups based on their geographical locations.

Located in North Sumatera and some parts of South Sumatera, the Asset One oilfields include Rantau Field, Pangkalan Susu Field, Lirik Field, Jambi Field, dan Ramba Field.

Located in South Sumatera, the Asset Two oilfields include Prabumulih Field, Pendopo Field, Limau Field dan Adera Field.

Located in West Jawa, the oilfields included in Asset Three are Subang Field, Jatibarang Field dan Tambun Field.

Located in Central and East Jawa, the Asset Four oilfields include Cepu Field, Poleng Field dan Matindok Field.

Located in the eastern part of Indonesia, the oilfields in Asset Five are Sangatta Field, Bunyu Field, Tanjung Field, Sangasanga Field, Tarakan Field dan Papua Field.

Pertamina Hulu Mahakam – 42,000 BOPD

Pertamina Hulu Mahakam became the operator of the oil and gas fields located in the Mahakam Block on 1 January 2018. The fields were previously discovered and operated by Total along with Inpex as its partner. They acquired the block in 1966.

Several giant oil and gas fields are located in this block such as the Handil field, the Tunu field, and the Peciko field.

Pertamina Hulu Energi OSES (Offshore South East Sumatera) – 30,000 BOPD

Pertamina Hulu Energi OSES became the operator of the oil fields in Block South East Sumatera on September 6, 2018. The fields were previously operated by CNOOC, China National Offshore Oil Company.

Pertamina Hulu Energi ONWJ – 29,000 BOPD

Pertamina Hulu Energi ONWJ (PHE ONWJ) is currently the operator of the  Offshore North West Java (ONWJ) production sharing contract following the change of company ownership from BP to Pertamina in July 2009.

The contract area, located in the Java Sea, covers an area of approximately 8,300 square kilometers – stretching from the North of Cirebon to Kepulauan Seribu.

The giant Ardjuna field is located in this Production Sharing Contract area. It was discovered by ARCO – Atlantic Richfield Company –  in 1969 and operated by ARCO until BP – British Petroleum – acquired ARCO in 2000.

The production facilities consist of 670 wells, 170 shallow water platforms, 40 processing and service facilities and some 1,600 kilometers of sub-sea pipeline.

Medco EP Natuna – 16,000 BOPD

Medco EP Natuna, a subsidiary of Medco Energi, is the operator of the South Natuna Sea Block B. The field was initially operated by ConocoPhillips until Medco Energi acquired it in 2016.

Besides producing oil, Medco EP Natuna also supplies gas to Singapore using a 656 KM long 28” subsea pipeline.

Petronas Carigali (Ketapang) – 15,000 BOPD

Petronas Carigali Ketapang operates the Bukit Tua Field located in the Ketapang Block in East Java. Bukit Tua is an oil field but with a significant amount of associated gas. The offshore field is situated at a water depth of about 57 m.

The production facilities consist of wellhead platforms, an FPSO – Floating Production, Storage and Offloading – and onshore receiving facilities (ORF) in Gresik.

PetroChina International Jabung – 14,000 BOPD

PetroChina International Jabung operates the prolific Jabung Block located in Jambi in Central Sumatera.

The company produces crude oil, condensate, LPG and gas. PetroChina supplies gas to Singapore using a 450 KM long subsea pipeline.

An interesting aspect of the block is that PetroChina discovered the fractured basement rock contains a significant quantity of gas that can flow at significant rates.

Pertamina Hulu Kalimantan Timur – 13,000 BOPD

Pertamina Hulu Kalimantan Timur operates the East Kalimantan-Attaka Work Area. Chevron was the previous operator of the work area until it handed over the operatorship to Pertamina on October 25, 2018.

Attaka, the famous giant oil field is located in this block. The Attaka field was discovered and operated by Unocal until Chevron acquired it in 2005.

The oil fields in this work area are in the late declining phase. Around one billion barrels of oil and 3 TCF of gas have been produced from this work area.

This article was written by Jamin Djuang, a published author of “The Story of Oil and Gas: How Oil and Gas Are Explored, Drilled and Produced” for readers who have not seen an oil field.